Ubuntu is a very complete OS, especially the Gutsy Gibbon (7.10), but there are still make tweaks you can do just after installing it that will make Ubuntu shine like never. I will explain here some things I do just after have ubuntu installed. Remember that what I’ve written here are the best things to install for ME, you may consider not making some of them or installing many different things, but if so, please, share your wisdom with us all.
1 – Expand the Software Repository List
First of all, lets make ubuntu “see” more packages:
Load Synaptic, go to System -> Administration -> Synaptic Package Manager. There, click in the menu Settings -> Repositories. In Ubuntu Software mark these repositories that will be accessed from the Internet:
Canonical-suported Open Source software (main)
Community-maintained Open Source software (universe)
Proprietary drivers for devices (restricted)
Software restricted by copyright or legal issues (multiverse)
After you have selected the new repository list, I suggest you go to the Terminal and type:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
Now all your programs will run on the last version.
2 – Have more fun with Compiz
- Now you should install advanced graphics settings for compiz. By default, Ubuntu only let you choose from None, Normal or Extra Compiz graphics configuration. To make it more configurable, you can write on the Terminal:
sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager gnome-art usplash startupmanager
3 – Installing packing software
- It’s bad when you don’t have Internet on your computer/notebook, but you have to pack/unpack something but the file format isn’t recognized by the system. To prevent from this bad situation, you can install a bunch of packing software by typing this on the terminal:
sudo apt-get install unace rar unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils aish uudeview mpack lha arj cabextract file-roller
4 – Installing More Fonts
Here you will find a bunch of fonts you can install on your system, but remember that you don’t need to install all of them
mkdir mkdir -p /usr/lib/X11/fonts/Type1 sudo apt-get install msttcorefonts
sudo apt-get install ttf-larabie-straight ttf-larabie-deco mplayer-fonts xfonts-terminus-dos xfonts-terminus xfonts-terminus-oblique xfonts-mona tv-fonts ttf-tuffy ttf-sjfonts ttf-sil-padauk ttf-sil-ezra ttf-paktype ttf-georgewilliams
ttf-fifthhorseman-dkg-handwriting ttf-farsiweb ttf-essays1743 fonty ttf-opensymbol ttf-nafees ttf-mgopen ttf-gentium ttf-freefont ttf-dustin ttf-devanagari-fonts ttf-dejavu-extra ttf-dejavu-core ttf-dejavu ttf-bpg-georgian-fonts ttf-bitstream-vera ttf-alee
Yes, it’s a big code, but you can just copy/paste it.
5 – Multimedia
- To have ubuntu playing all kinds of stuff, you need to install many codecs. So on the Terminal, type:
* Installing vlc and mplayer (playis almost everything):
sudo apt-get install vlc
sudo apt-get install mplayer
* Common packs
sudo apt-get install mpeg2dec a52dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libswfdec0.3 libflac++6 ffmpeg cdda2wav toolame libmp4v2-0 totem-mozilla libmjpegtools0c2a tagtool easytag id3tool lame lame-extras nautilus-script-audio-convert mozilla-helix-player helix-player libmad0 libjpeg-progs libmpcdec3 libquicktime1 flac faac faad sox toolame a52dec ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview flac libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux
* Gstreammer 0.10
sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mpegdemux gstreamer0.10-gl gstreamer0.10-gnonlin gstreamer0.10-pitfdll gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-farsightgstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-sdl gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-schroedinger gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse totem-gstreamer
* More programs
sudo apt-get install gstreamer-dbus-media-service gstreamer-tools
sudo apt-get install gsfonts gsfonts-x11 flashplugin-nonfree
6 – Installing Java
- Java is a very important thing to install, now that many programs like Azureus need it to run. So type:
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-bin sun-java6-fonts sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin
sudo apt-get install equivs ttf-sazanami-gothic ttf-sazanami-mincho
7 – Frontend FTP Software (Filezilla)
- This ia great FTP program, very complete, in my opinion, the best one for linux. To know more about it, click here.
On the terminal type:
sudo apt-get install filezilla filezilla-locales
8 – BitTorrent Client
* Deluge: Written in python, great one:
sudo apt-get install deluge-torrent
* Azureus: Uses Java to run, very complete but a bit heavy,
sudo apt-get install azureus
9 – Installing Gparted (Making disk partition easy)
You never know when you will need to change your disk partition, so you better be ready anytime by installing Gparted,
a great GUI software where you can easily create, resize and format partitions on your hard disk.
10 – Get rid of unneeded stuff:
If you want to keep your Ubuntu clean, you may consider uninstalling a bunch of software that comes with. I can’t tell much what to remove then,
but you can check and see what you will not use. Then to remove, on terminal, you can type:
sudo apt-get remove "program name"
Now I believe your Ubuntu Linux will be almost ready to deal with anything. Hope you enjoyed this guide, and please, share your linux wisdom with us on the comments below.